By: Prof. G. R. Basole
Date: 23rd July 2021
We celebrate today, national broadcasting day! 23rdJuly, every year. Don’t you know? Why?
It was the day way back in 1927 when we got our first radio broadcasting station at Mumbai, affectionately called Bombay station.
It was Indian Broadcasting Company (IBC), who initiated radio broadcasting inIndia on this day. This was two decades later, after the great Italian scientist Marconi’s invention of Radio. Marconi, in the beginning of 20th century, kept developing Radio and radio broadcasting longer and longer for expansion.
The vacuum tubes were invented around by 1915, and then there was a revolutionary breakthrough in radio broadcasting. In 1920, first entertainment radio broadcasting started at Chelmsford, United Kingdom with the vacuum tubesand transmitter made of the same technology.
The dawn of 1922 brought the ray of hope in radio broadcasting to convey audio message. It was BBC, British Broadcasting Corporation, who took the interest in it and radio broadcasting began ‘professionally’.
Meanwhile Radio broadcasting had a great use in Second World War, for the sake of communication. All British colonies were brought under radio broadcasting, THE BOMBAY STATION in India in 1927.
The meaning of broadcasting is spreading message in a broad perspective. This Radio is basically pioneering mass communication system to address masses at real time basis. A phenomenal development after World War II in electronics and telecommunication, radio broadcasting elevated step by step. New development enabled to have high power transmitters so that height of the antenna reception could be reduced to an aerial stick. Radio set receivers also developed so as to catch the signal efficiently. Thus, miles long one can hear the Radio programs. Radio has now become most popular mass communication device. There are several memories associated with this. It was radio, who made us listen to the announcement of Independence of India, awakening speeches of Gandhi ji, Nehru ji and Netaji. All these golden moments were possible to be witnessed.
The popularity of broadcasting kept on going till 80th decade. The broadcasting happens to be in amplitude modulation with medium waves and short waves. Who can forget Radio Ceylon for broadcasting everlasting entertainment of Bianca Geetmala? Previous generation knows how people used to surround the radio sets during program broadcasting. We also had reliance on BBC for news, great entertainment by day and by night Vividh Bharati programs. Radio was the integral part of life earlier.
The era of television in the ninety’s, took single channel DOORDARSHAN up to the every corner of the country. The impact of this audio visual media made us forget the Radio. Reduced it to limited areas & occasions till the new technology, frequency modulation came in force. Fantastic clarity of sound, portability once again brought the radio up to the dedicated and different categories of listeners. Radio broadcasting grew pace to pace with television media.
In fact radio gave new dimensions to the human life. It gave the platform for human talents like music, talks etc.
After independence, we had a unified radio broadcasting called All India Radio (AIR), under the union ministry of broadcasting; it was called AKASHWANI in the reference to mythological concept of address.
My generation is fortunate enough to have experienced these precious moments of radio broadcasting & its transformations.
This day, the 23rd July keeps these memory alive all the time. Of course, it carries the sense of Bahujan Hitay, Bahujan Sukhay, the Sanskrit proverb and the well said tag line of AKASHWANI, in the benefit of all human beings.(Author is Assistant Professor from Department of Electronics and Computer Engineering of Jawaharlal Nehru Engineering College (JNEC) which is constituent college of MGM University, Aurangabad.)